In this tutorial I shall demonstrate the usage of GSM board to send SMS.
Materials required for this workshop are :
1.GSM Module Board with an active SIM card.
2.12V DC 1A adapter for GSM power supply.
3.USB – UART converter with RS232 straight cable and USB cable.
1.Serial Communication software PuTTY . Download it from
or you can use the inbuilt Hyper Terminal software in case your PC’s OS is XP.It is located in Programs>Accessories>Communication.
While using Hyper terminal remember the following settings:
Under File –> Properties –> Settings click ASCII setup and check mark “Echo typed characters locally”.Otherwise you can’t see what you type.
Another software is “Terminal” from http://realterm.sourceforge.net/ .Terminal is a simple serial port terminal emulation program.
I prefer to use PuTTY as it is trouble free standalone program and response is faster than others.
To start with insert the SIM card into the holder at the back of the board.
Connect the 12v DC supply to the board.Connect the board to your PC’s serial port using a RS232 cable.In case you use the USB port , then a USB – UART board is required.
As soon as you connect the DC power to the board ,the green Power LED glows and then the red Signal LED flashes intermittently.Now make a call to the SIM number inserted in the board.You can hear the ring back tone in the caller phone and the Ring green LED flashes according to the Ring.Now your GSM board is ready to communicate.
Now open the Control panel –>Device Manager of your PC and expand the Ports(COM&LPT) to verify the port connection.If you are using a RS232 cable directly to PC ,it will be COM1. Else it will be different (in our case it is COM6).
Double click the downloaded PuTTY .
Enter COM6 under serial line and baud rate 9600 under Speed.
Select connection type as Serial. Provide a name and save the session.
Now select the saved session and click Open to fire up the TERMINAL.
For the terminal to communicate with the GSM board AT commands are used.
AT is abbreviation of ATtention.There are Basic and Extended AT commands.Basic AT commands do not start with a “ + “ like ATD, ATA,ATH,…
Extended AT commands start with “ + “. All GSM AT commands are extended commands. e.g AT+CMGS , AT+CMGR , AT+CMGF ,…
To start with type AT (uppercase preferred) and hit Enter.
GSM board will respond with OK.
Type AT+CPIN? and hit enter to know whether SIM is inserted.
To dial a number type ATD9001234567;
ATD followed by the mobile number & then a SEMICOLON .Hit enter to make a Call.To disconnect type ATH.
To send SMS type AT+CMGF=1
Modem confirms with OK that it changes to Text mode.
Then type AT+CMGS=”mobile.no”
After the > symbol type your message and press ctrl+z to send the SMS.
For a more detailed tutorial of SMS and AT commands visit
Following are some of the most frequently used AT commands :
AT+CGMI To get the manufacturer’s ID
AT+CMGF=1 Switch to text mode before sending SMS
AT+CMGS=”mobile.no” Send SMS after typing the message & pressing ctrl+z
ATD999xxx1234; Dial to the mobile number provided
ATH Disconnect the call
AT+CMSS Send SMS from storage
AT+CMGR Read one SMS at a time
AT+CMGD=1 Delete a Message.
AT+CMGL=”ALL” Read all SMS messages in the storage area
AT+CMGL List SMS messages
AT+CSCA? To know the service center address of GSM provider
To send SMS to multiple numbers you have to write message to memory and then use CMSS command many times. Here is the procedure:
AT+CMGF=1 — enable Text mode
AT+CMGW=”9443312345” —CMGW writes message to Memory
GSM responds as +CMGW:3 OK where 3 is the index number specifying the location of SMS message.
AT+CMSS=3,”NEXT_MOBILE_NO.” – use CMSS to send message from Storage.
Like this you can use the index number of message and send it to multiple phones.
Watch this video of GSM Board demo,usage of Putty as Terminal and AT command usage to communicate with GSM :